The Princess Cut Diamond is a brilliant-style shape with sharp corners. It is typically cut perfectly square, rather than as a rectangle.
Brilliant style refers to vertical direction crown and pavilion facets instead of the older, step-style horizontal-direction facets. It is a straight edged square with pavilion facets that are wide at the culet and narrowed toward the girdle, the opposite of the pavilion-facet arrangement on a curved-corner radiant.
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND CUTTING ISSUES
A Princess cut diamond generally has 76 facets, giving it more brilliance and fire than a round brilliant cut diamond.
The best cut proportion is a perfect, equal-sided square, or 1: 1. Cutting a Princess diamond generally results in a yield of 60 to 62 percent, which is a better weight retention than a round.
Much of the time, the octahedron rough can be sawn in half, yielding two Princesses from one stone, with the top of the rough stone becoming the table of the two resulting Princesses.
The Hope Diamond is probably the most famous diamond in the world, yet very few people realize that it is blue. The color is so deep that it is nearly opaque. The Hope Diamond was originally the French Royal Blue Diamond, a massive stone that still belongs to several generations of French royalty.
It was recut from an original triangular shape to disguise it, and eventually came to be called "The Hope Diamond."
See An Image of The Hope Diamond
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